The Millennium Development Goals Implementation: Second National Report 2007
This second report analyses the country’s current status in respect to the Mongolia-specific MDGs and identifies main challenges and policy priorities for achieving the MDG targets. Moreover, the report summarizes the MDG progress at both the national and sub-national levels. It is important to note that, among 22 Mongoliaspecific MDG targets, almost 60 percent have been achieved or are likely to be achieved by 2015. The other targets are, however, considered to be “slow or regressing”. The most challenging goals are income poverty, tuberculosis, housing, the enhancement of gender equality at the political decision-making level, female/male ratio of students in tertiary education, increasing percentage of land area covered by forest, and net enrolment ratio in primary education.
The report analyses the reasons for slow achievement such as insufficient degree of mainstreaming of MDGs in pursued policies, weak coordination among the government institutions, and limited involvement of the local government and the civil society in policy implementation and monitoring. Further, the report highlights the main policy priorities for medium and short-term at the national and local levels to accelerate progress towards the MDGs. For the first time, these policy interventions were costed and the process of linking the MDG Needs Assessment/Costing to domestic and external resources is underway. After this exercise is completed, this could become a good example of how MDG targets, MDG-consistent policy interventions, and MDG oriented resources can meet demands of the poor and marginalized people.