Lessons learned from Electoral support to Mongolia 2008-2012
This paper was prepared by Paul Guerin, an Independent Consultant, who has worked in democracy and electoral support for the past 20 years in over 30 countries for UN missions, UNDP, IDEA, IFES, EU and OSCE in post-conflict and emerging democracies in Asia, Africa, Arab states and Eastern Europe. He has organised elections directly, advised election commissions, worked with civil society, observed elections and evaluated electoral support programmes.
Since the 2008 parliamentary election, which experienced numerous problems
and sparked violence in the capital, Mongolia saw for the first time enough political will to reform the electoral system. A number of reforms were deliberated in 2010 and final amendments passed by Parliament, in December 2011 only six months before the parliamentary elections in June 2012. These changes included a mixed parallel electoral system with 48 seats elected in each constituency by a first-past-the-post system and 28 elected on a closed proportional representation list on one ballot; a new voter’s list based on the census and mandated by the General Authority for State Registration (GASR) with new ID cards; automated counting through vote counting machines; NGOs being accredited to observe both polling and counting; and out-of-country voting...