Strategic priorities to implement ecosystem based adaptation measures: Altai Mountain and Great Lakes Depression Eastern Steppe and Mongol Daguur
Due to the climate change, every country starts work on developing an adaptation policy and program featuring their development stages, moreover it closely relates to further country development. Climate changes have a great impact on the ecosystem that directly impacts on livelihood security, health, social relations and labor freedom.
Therefore, UNDP and Ministry of Environment and Green Development of Mongolia implement “Ecosystem – based Adap-tation approach to Maintain Water security in critical water catchments in Mongolia” (МОН/12/301) project addressing the principles of Ecosystem - based adaptation appropriate to Mongolian geographical condition, climate and population demographics. The national consulting company “Nutag Partners” implemented the project activities. This research work develops actions and principles of the ecosystem based adaptation approach focused on two Eco regions as Mongol Daguur, Dornod region and Altai Mountain, Great lakes depression region. Ecosystem based adaptation approach corresponds to the regional development policy and is important for sustainable development in the region.
The ecosystem based adaptation approach used an assessment approach by reviewing national relevant policies and programs, then analyzed their coherence and coordination. In addition, we reviewed the aimag and soum Governor’s action plan, sectoral subprograms, Government decrees and other working documents to point out specific characteristics and comparative advantages of regional geographic locations, climate changes, population demographics and socioeconomic conditions. Also, reviewed and analyzed the ecological and socioeconomic researches, risk and vulnerability evaluation approaches and regional economic analysis between 2012 and 2013. We conducted several focus group discussions and key informant interviews with officers and specialists of soum and aimag Governor’s office. They discussed opportunities and points for integration of agriculture, land management, health and education sectors to ecosystem-based adaptation framework, which used for analysis and development of activities.
The ecosystem based adaptation approaches developed to address and build ecosystem resilience, which underpin the capacity of an ecosystem to maintain the benefits of goods and services, ensure to maintain the environment for current and future generations and increase human well-being. In addition to, as a theoretical lens it used nutag (homeland) framework to un-derstand couple human-natural systems, social-ecological resilience building to climate change and linking knowledge to action, the participatory learning approach. As a result, information on the areas important for ecosystem based adaptation approach at the national and international levels.