Strategic priorities to implement ecosystem based adaptation measures: Altai Mountain and Great Lakes Depression Eastern Steppe and Mongol Daguur
Due to the climate change, every country starts work on developing an adap-tation policy and program featuring their development stages, moreover it closely relates to further country development. Cli-mate changes have a great impact on the ecosystem that directly impacts on liveli-hood security, health, social relations and labor freedom.
Therefore, UNDP and Ministry of En-vironment and Green Development of Mon-golia implement “Ecosystem – based Adap-tation approach to Maintain Water security in critical water catchments in Mongo-lia” (МОН/12/301) project addressing the principles of Ecosystem - based adaptation appropriate to Mongolian geographical con-dition, climate and population de-mographics. The national consulting com-pany “Nutag Partners” implemented the project activities. This research work devel-ops actions and principles of the ecosystem based adaptation approach focused on two Eco regions as Mongol Daguur, Dornod re-gion and Altai Mountain, Great lakes de-pression region. Ecosystem based adapta-tion approach corresponds to the regional development policy and is important for sustainable development in the region.
The ecosystem based adaptation ap-proach used an assessment approach by reviewing national relevant policies and programs, then analyzed their coherence and coordination. In addition, we reviewed the aimag and soum Governor’s action plan, sectoral subprograms, Government decrees and other working documents to point out specific characteristics and comparative advantages of regional geographic loca-tions, climate changes, population de-mographics and socioeconomic conditions. Also, reviewed and analyzed the ecological and socioeconomic researches, risk and vul-nerability evaluation approaches and re-gional economic analysis between 2012 and 2013. We conducted several focus group discussions and key informant interviews with officers and specialists of soum and aimag Governor’s office. They discussed opportunities and points for integration of agriculture, land management, health and education sectors to ecosystem-based adap-tation framework, which used for analysis and development of activities.
The ecosystem based adaptation ap-proaches developed to address and build ecosystem resilience, which underpin the capacity of an ecosystem to maintain the benefits of goods and services, ensure to maintain the environment for current and future generations and increase human well-being. In addition to, as a theoretical lens it used nutag (homeland) framework to un-derstand couple human-natural systems, social-ecological resilience building to cli-mate change and linking knowledge to ac-tion, the participatory learning approach. As a result, information on the areas important for ecosystem based adaptation approach at the national and international levels.