6 Achieve universal primary education
Where we are?
TARGET 5. Provide primary education for all children by 2015
Difficult to achieve
* Achievable with more effort
All three indicators to track progress on this target have witnessed similar trends. The net primary enrolment ratio, primary completion rate, and the literacy rate for the 15-24 year olds declined in the 1990s after the transition but have been increasing since 2000.
The net enrolment ratio increased during the period 1997-2012 in all aimags except Ulaanbaatar. The Western region showed maximum improvement compared to the other regions. More girls than boys are enrolled in primary education in all aimags, except in Orkhon. To increase enrollment of boys will require targeted attention.
Ulaanbaatar has lagged behind other aimags in primary completion rate because of the high dropout rate. Students with poor performance are unable to advance into the next grade. School dropouts that take place in the first grades of the primary school comprise the majority of total school dropouts.
The last three rounds of Population and Housing Census results indicate that increased attention is required in the Eastern region where the literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds is among the lowest in Mongolia. However, it is difficult to regularly track this indicator as the data is collected only from the Population and Housing census every decade.
The aimag reports review suggests that extensive rural-to-urban migration leads to a decline in the number of pupils in soum schools and a low utilization of school capacity in the soums. Also, this frequent transfer of children to the new places of study makes it difficult to cover all children and to accurately track progress.
Mongolia already had very high levels of primary enrolment and youth literacy rates at the start of the transition in 1990 (97.5 and 99.0 percent respectively), and moving from this high base level to universal primary education can take a very long time. So, extra effort will be required to achieve the target of universal primary education by 2015.
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The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Mongolia specific 9th MDG
Target for MDG2
- Target 5:Provide primary education to all children by 2015