About UNDP in Mongolia
UNDP opened its representative office in Ulaanbaatar in 1973 after more than a decade of successful cooperation with Mongolia. Ever since, UNDP has worked for equitable and sustainable development for the benefit of all Mongolians. UNDP is committed to helping the Government and the people of Mongolia achieve its nine national Millennium Development Goals as well as other national development priorities through capacity development, knowledge sharing, partnerships, and policy dialogue.
What do we want to accomplish?
In meeting its development goals, Mongolia faces unique challenges that require context-specific initiatives reflecting the distinctive nature of Mongolia’s cultural, social, economic, environmental and governmental landscape.
The ultimate goal of UNDP is to improve the lives of the people of Mongolia, especially the poorest and most vulnerable, and to work towards a future that offers equality, dignity and opportunity for all. We work with government, civil society, the private sector, development partners and funding organizations to support the attainment of Mongolia’s vision of national development.
UNDP’s current focus is working towards the following national results:
- Economic development in Mongolia that is inclusive and equitable, and contributing towards poverty alleviation
- Strengthened governance for protection of human rights and reduction of disparities
- Improved sustainability of natural resources management for more resilient ecosystems and less vulnerability of the Mongolian people to the changing climate
What are our results?
UNDP has a track record of achieving development results in Mongolia. As assessed by independent experts, UNDP’s programmes have shown significant progress in all areas we work in, close collaboration between the government and UNDP, and strong alignment between national strategies and UNDP programmes.
MDGs and poverty reduction: With UNDP interventions, wide awareness of MDGs and the concept of human development has been created among policy makers and civil society. The Parliament of Mongolia adopted MDGs as a framework for national policy. Debate generated by the national human development report concerning an anti-poverty employment policy resulted in a reform of the labour legislation. Mongolian universities promote human development in their curricula, a long-term investment to influence public policy. UNDP’s support to MDG programming, poverty mapping and statistical analysis enhanced the government’s capacity for evidence-based policymaking. Innovative concepts such as micro-insurance and loan guarantee schemes contributed to strengthening social protection mechanisms.
Strengthening democracy, accountability and transparency, and access to justice and human rights: UNDP helped institutionalize governance assessments to monitor the national MDG 9. A pilot grant scheme with local authorities stimulated debate on decentralization reform. UNDP and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime supported Mongolia’s self-assessment of the implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC). Legal aid centres were established all around the country, expanding access to justice, especially by the poor. A national integrated database for civil registration improved access to administrative services and provided a foundation for automated voter registration. A joint programme involving UNDP, UNFPA and WHO for prevention of violence against women produced better understanding of its causes and increased availability of services to victims.
Energy and environmental sustainability and crisis prevention and recovery: National and local capacities were strengthened for sustainable use of land, water and forest resources; environmental governance; access to priority environmental services and policy coordination; and monitoring of policies and legislation for implementation of international conventions. High-efficiency insulation for gers (traditional dwellings) was developed and taken over by the Government for scaling up as a pro-poor energy conservation technology.
Cooperation with the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) improved in efficiency and increased the range of its response to emergencies. It also led to formulation of the National Programme on Disaster Prevention and National Climate Risk Management Strategy. With the help of UNDP and other partners, the Government of Mongolia has made significant progress in the area of disaster risk management in the last decade. Much of Mongolia's initial focus has been on improving capacities for emergency response. The longer term challenge is addressing the socio-economic, environmental and developmental drivers of risk.
UNDP believes that concerted efforts to build partnerships are fundamental for building broad-based consensus, resource mobilisation, and effective implementation of programmes for sustainable peace and development in Mongolia.
Lessons learnt and areas for improvement: Independent assessments have also identified lessons learned and areas for improvement. These include strengthened cooperation with civil society in support of democratic governance and use an MDG Acceleration Framework as a basis for establishing stronger linkages among different areas within UNDP’s work and to increase programme effectiveness. With the understanding that advocacy and capacity development alone cannot bring about change in human development, the focus should be on implementation of policies, especially those owned and funded by the Government, and scaling up of pilot initiatives to achieve transformational results.
Who are the decision makers?
The Resident Coordinator, Ms Sezin Sinanoglu, heads the UN System in Mongolia and is also the Resident Representative for UNDP in Mongolia. UNDP’s Deputy Resident Representative, Mr Thomas Eriksson, is responsible for the day-to-day operations of UNDP Mongolia.
UNDP Mongolia works closely with the Government of Mongolia. The UNDP programmes are prepared in consultation with the Government, civil society organizations, United Nations organizations and other development partners. As the Government coordinating agency, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs heads the Country Programme Board, which guides the design and implementation of the Programme. Implementation of UNDP programmes is done with line ministries and other national organizations to support full Mongolian ownership and accountability.
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