Strengthening Representative Bodies in Mongolia

Background

The promulgation of the new Constitution in 1992 marks the beginning of the emergence of local self-governing bodies in Mongolia. Citizens’ Representative Hurals (CRHs) – elected councils at sub-national level – have become a stable institution and played an important role in the consolidation of democracy. However, challenges remain in making them truly representative of local people, as a responsive and accountable institution. In addition, the turnover rate among CRHs’ members is high. In the 2016 Local Parliamentary Elections, 57.1 percent of the 8099 representatives at aimag, city, soum, and district levels were elected for the first time. This implies a continuous need for capacity-building of elected local representatives on their representative, legislative, oversight, and budgetary responsibilities.

Project Summary

 

The SRBM Project adopts a comprehensive three-pronged strategy for capacity development of local self-governing bodies, addressing simultaneously the interrelated levels of legal and institutional environment, the organisational capacity of Citizens’ Representatives Hurals (CRHs), as well as the individual competencies of elected CRH representatives. In addition, the Project assists the Parliament of Mongolia in translating recent laws and policies into concrete actions aimed at creating opportunities for meaningful citizen participation in decision-making, mobilising support of CRHs in awareness raising, and monitoring the implementation of recently approved laws. The Project builds on the foundation laid by the “Support to Participatory Legislative Processes” and “Capacity Strengthening of Local Self-governing Bodies” projects, which were both implemented by the Parliament Secretariat with support from UNDP and SDC from 2013 to 2016.

Goal

The Project aims to provide local self-governing bodies with the capacity and tools to fulfil their mandated representative, legislative, oversight, and budgetary functions in order to promote effective, inclusive and accountable local governance.

SRBM’s four overarching outcomes are as follows:

1. Improved legal framework for local self-governance

2. Citizens’ Representative Hurals have improved organisational capacity

3. National training programme for local elected representatives is institutionalized

4. Improved capacity of the Parliament Secretariat to support representative bodies

Target groups

§  8099 elected representatives of sub-national parliaments

§  2164 elected women representatives of sub-national parliaments

§  1613 chairpersons of public meetings at bagh level

§  National and sub-national parliament secretariats  

§  Citizens at sub-national level

§  Marginalised citizens

§  NGOs

Funding



 

Year

Total

2017

USD 1,120,000

2018

USD 1,080,000

2019

USD 950,000

2020

USD 650,000

Total

SDC

UNDP

 

USD 3,300,000

USD 500,000

Total

USD 3,800,000

Activities and results

1.     Improved legal framework for local self-governance

Provision of technical support to the Standing Committee on State Structure and Sub-Standing Committee of the Parliament of Mongolia in developing a conceptual framework for the reform of local government system in Mongolia:

§  Technical support to the revision of the Law on Administrative Territorial Units and their Governance (LATUG)

§  Issue based research

§  Creation of a space for dialogue and consensus building through different means such as regional and national forums / discussions

 

2.     Citizens’ Representative Hurals have improved organisational capacity

§  Development and streamlining of standard procedures for improving quality and ensuring legality of CRHs’ decisions

§  Establishment of performance management framework for CRHs

§  Competitive small grant programme for CRHs for enhancing their oversight and representation functions with a focus on marginalised groups including women, youth, the poor and vulnerable

§  Further improvement and institutionalisation of local parliaments portal website www.khural.mn

§  Awareness raising of citizens about their elected representatives

 

Results:

Ø  In 2017, small grants have been allocated to CRHs following a competitive process with more than 100 applications received. The grantees comprise 3 aimags, 2 districts, and 13 soums across the country. The best practices and procedures established under the grant programme will be disseminated for adoption by other CRHs.

Ø  Cabinet Secretariat IT department staff members were trained in the administration of www.khural.mn. They are in turn providing technical assistance to local web administrators of CRHs to ensure normal operation of the website.

 

3.     National training programme for local elected representatives is institutionalized

§  Capacity building of elected CRH representatives through delivering induction training for newly elected representatives, leadership training, women leadership training, and thematic training modules on a demand basis.

§  Development and update of training modules, including development of online training

§  Expansion and further capacity building of network of trainers

§  Institutionalisation of the training programme to ensure its long term sustainability

 

Results:

Ø  Following the local elections of October 2016, the induction training was delivered to 91.1% (7377 out of 8099) CRH representatives. The induction programme is a two day training covering the following areas: legal framework of local self-governing bodies, CRH procedures, local budget and finance, protection of environment and land management, citizen engagement.

Ø  It was already observed under the previous project that training activities have helped revitalise CRHs. Their internal functioning and openness to the public are improving, as demonstrated by the increased number of Presidium meetings, establishment and regular meetings of council committees, and the overall number of events organized, such as open days.

Ø 

“We understood from the training very well that the Hural must consult with citizens before making decisions. Representatives of our Hural decided to postpone a session requested by Soum Governor on mining-related proposal in order to consult with the citizens before deliberation.”

Chairperson of Gurvanbulag Soum, Bayankhongor Aimag, 2017

A Memorandum of Understanding was signed in 2017 between UNDP and the National Academy of Governance regarding the institutionalization and maintenance of the national training programme.

4. Improved capacity of the Parliament Secretariat to support representative bodies

Capacity development of the Parliament Secretariat’s staff for them to effectively undertake their new roles introduced by recent laws, such as the Law on Legislation, Law on General Administrative Procedures, Law on Development Policy and Planning, etc.:

§  Training in legal analysis, cost-benefit analysis, impact assessment, legislative drafting, research, monitoring of implementation of laws, joint monitoring of implementation of laws by Parliament Secretariat and CRHs

§  Development of relevant procedures, guidelines, and tools for completing new responsibilities

§  Support of consultations on draft laws with CRHs and citizens and public awareness raising about legislative process

§  Organization of study visits to foster learning from international experience

UNDP Around the world

You are at UNDP Mongolia 
Go to UNDP Global