Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in the Construction Sector in Mongolia
What is the project about?
The objective of the project is to facilitate market transformation for energy efficiency in the construction sector through the development and implementation of NAMA in Mongolia.
This objective will be achieved by removing barriers to increased adoption of energy efficiency technology in construction sector through three components;
- establishment of baseline energy consumption and GHG emission in the construction sector
- development and implementation of NAMA in the construction sector
- measuring, reporting and verification (MRV) system for NAMA.
This project will be implemented over a 40 months period and is expected to achieve GHG emission reductions through the displacement of electricity heat generation from coal power plants and CHPs. Direct GHG emission reduction over the lifetime of the project is estimated to be 64,219 tCO2e. The estimated range of potential indirect emission reduction is 57,435 to 438,926 tCO2e that is cumulative for a 10-year period after the end of the project.
Increasing energy demand in the construction sector
With an increase in housing demand from economic growth and a surging rural to urban migration, the construction sector had been thriving reciprocally over the past decade. The projection of housing demand based on the population growth rate indicates approx. 140,000 apartment units will be constructed between 2020 and 2030, which translates to around 14,000 new units annually. As the building stock continues to grow, energy demand simultaneously escalates.
Urban household energy use dominates energy demand in the buildings sector, which is projected to nearly double between 2010 and 2035, despite the combination of energy efficiency improvements and ongoing shift away from less-efficient biomass heating fuels (GGGI, 2015).
What is the Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA)?
NAMA, firstly used in the Bali Action Plan, under the UNFCCC, Dec 2007, refers to a set of policies and actions that countries undertake as part of a commitment to reduce GHG emissions. NAMA recognizes that:
- Different countries, different NAMAs on the basis of equity and in accordance with common but differentiated responsibilitiesand respective capabilities
- Developing countries will effectively implement national action depends on the effective implementation of the commitmentsby developed countries in provision of financial resources and transfer of technology
- NAMAs shall be based on MRV framework