Mongolia is highly vulnerable to climate change due to its geographical location, fragile ecosystem and socio-economic conditions. The combination of ongoing land and water degradation multiplied by climate change will almost certainly result in substantial ecological and social challenges. Integrated adaptation strategies and associated programs are necessary to maintain ecosystem functions and water provisioning services. If we do not implement climate change adaptation approaches immediately, vulnerability of Mongolia’s rural communities to impacts associated with ecosystem services will increase. Therefore, the maintenance of ecosystem functions and water provisioning services in critical water catchments is crucial for the survival of rural communities and the Mongolian economy. The project will apply the principles of Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EBA) to increase climate change resilience at a landscape level.