Mongolia has developed the Green Development Strategy by which the country is committed to a transition to a low carbon economy that will not only develop programmes to conserve its natural,
cultural and historical heritage but will also focus on sustainable human development and environment friendly processes. Under the Strategy the country plans to implement Green Economy mechanisms for the public and private sectors that will enable green financing and investment and develop knowledge based on a multi‐pillar economic structure.
The UN Partnership for Action Green Economy (PAGE)1 is being implemented in Mongolia to support the country in its transition to greener and more inclusive economy. The UN PAGE inception and capacity building workshop was held in November 2013 and one of the findings of the workshop was that Mongolia has just emerged from a regulated economy after the end of the communist era, hence the private sector, which is expected to play a significant role in the transition to green economy, is still developing. The success of the Green Development strategy will hinge on the ability of the private sector operate in a sustainable manner and the development of a competitive value‐chain through networks of productive and efficient SMEs. The Public Private Partnership (PPP) which will serve as a consultative platform to develop appropriate strategies for implementing green development will need to be nurtured and strengthened. Hence the relevance of the planned consultation to engage the private sector in the implementation of the post‐2015 development agenda.
In Mongolia, UNIDO will support the UN Resident Coordinator and the UN Country Team to organize a round of consultations with the private sector on the following areas:
- Building Trust through Enhanced Transparency and Accountability
- Localizing the Architecture for SME Engagement.
While focus in both areas will be the issues of environmental sustainability and social responsibility, cross‐cutting elements (eg gender, youth, human rights and inequality) will also be considered across the whole consultation. Further information on the thematic areas is included in separate papers prepared by the co‐leads to facilitate the consultations.
The MDGs have been predominately implemented by governments, and the Post‐2015 Development Agenda is not comprehensively known among the private sector. For this reason, the consultations will also be used to raise awareness on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the development agenda of the UN, as well as the role of the private sector in implementing the to‐be‐agreed SDGs.
The consultations will involve relevant government officials as well as business representatives from a diversity of sectors in order to capture a balanced perspective with regard to the role of the private sector in implementing the post 2015 development agenda.
1. PAGE is a 7‐year programme responding to the Rio+20’s call for the UN system to support countries interested in pursuing green economy policies. It will deploy the joint expertise of four UN agencies – ILO, UNEP, UNIDO, and UNITAR – to progressively assist a total of 30 countries in their efforts to embark on green economy pathways. The collective endeavour ranges from mobilizing social awareness and providing specialized training to identifying critical bottlenecks, formulating and assessing policy options, and enabling policy implementation for greening the economy. The programme also includes global and regional level capacity development, knowledge creation and sharing, and high‐level policy dialogues, all to enrich and strengthen country level assistance.
2. In May 2014 the PAGE Partners in collaboration with national counterparts organized a second National Workshop to Advance Green Economy in Mongolia. The workshop provided the forum for an update on the Green Development Strategy and other relevant policy development in Mongolia and reviewed the pertinent issues emanating from the Green Development Strategy stocktaking and green jobs mapping that was undertaken under the PAGE programme. The workshop already discussed five initial priority work streams initiated under PAGE and agreed on further actions.