National Forum and Development Dialogue 8: Sustainable Urban Development in Mongolia
- Date: 1:45-4:00 pm, 16 June 2014, UN House, Ulaanbaatar
- Partner Agency: Ministry of Construction and Urban Development of Mongolia
Mongolia has experienced rapid urbanisation since the 1950s when only about 20 percent of people resided in urban areas. From a historical pre-dominance of nomadic and rural habitats, Mongolia is now overwhelmingly urban with 68 percent of the total population living in cities and towns, much higher than the Asian regional average.
The capital, Ulaanbaatar (UB), has been the engine of Mongolia’s urbanisation. Economic growth is increasingly concentrated in the capital which with about 40 percent of the total population generates more than 60 percent of the country’s GDP and 50 percent of its total investment. Occupying only 0.3 percent of its land area, and with population increasing at an annual rate of more than 4 percent since 2000, UB dominates the urban landscape of Mongolia.
Unplanned growth of the capital city and rapid migration have brought many challenges, including unemployment, traffic congestion, air pollution, and the expansion of the ger areas. More than 60 percent of UB’s population lives in ger areas that are often built on or along sites prone to natural disasters, lacking access to modern infrastructure such as piped-in water, sanitation, electricity, paved roads, public transportation, health clinics and schools.
Urban areas are centres of education, innovations, political power, technological advancement, social services and finance, andcan play a positive role in enhancing people’s human development. Indeed, few countries have reached high levels of human development without high levels of urbanization.
Urban development that is inclusive and sustainable, and promotes human development, needs sound policies to ensure that the benefits of growth and urbanization reach all citizens – whether they move to the cities, smaller towns, or live in a rural setting. It also needs a more balanced approach that effectively manages the complex urban reality of Mongolia and creates additional growth poles to reduce the intense pressure on the capital city.
How should Mongolia plan for urban development so that the cities are liveable, healthy, prosperous, sustainable, and promote human development for all citizens? This question is motivating the Dialogue.
The Dialogue will be organized as a Panel Discussion. Prior to the start of the panel discussion there will be a brief presentation of the issues to structure the discussion. The panel discussion will be followed by an open exchange of views among participants.
ISSUES FOR DISCUSSION
The Dialogue is expected to raise a number of questions relevant for identifying suitable approaches for sustainable urban development in Mongolia:
- How can urban growth in Mongolia be more inclusive enhancing human development of all citizens?
- How can Mongolian cities become sustainable and smart – i.e. healthy, resilient, and liveable?
- What are the key challenges of urban governance?
- To what extent are urban concerns factored into larger national/sectoral/regional planning?
13:45 Registration and Tea/Coffee
14:00-14:20 Welcome remarks
Ms. Sezin Sinanoglu, UNDP Resident Representative
H.E. Mr. Ts.Bayarsaikhan, Minister of Construction and Urban Development
Mr. E. Bat-Uul, Mayor of Ulaanbaatar City
Mr. Haoliang Xu, UN Assistant Secretary General, Assistant Administrator and Director of UNDP’s Regional Bureau of Asia and the Pacific
14:20-14:45 Presentation on “Sustainable Urban Development in Mongolia: The Key Issues”
Mr. Joseph D’Cruz, Regional Team Leader, Inclusive Growth, Asia Pacific Regional Centre, UNDP
14:45-15:30 Panel Discussion
Moderator Mr. Saurabh Sinha, Senior Economist, UNDP
- Ms. D. Altantuya, Director of “Shine zuun ger khoroolol” NGO
- Mr. L.Myagmarjav, Vice President of MCS group
- Ms. A. Enkhjargal, Public Health Professional Association
- Ms. B. Tuul, Head of the Steering Committee for Public Utility
- Mr. J. Tsendsuren, Governor of Zuunmod Soum, Tuv Aimag
- Mr.G. Batbayar, Member of Darkhan Local Khural
15:30-15:55 Open discussion
15:55-16:00 Closing remarks
- Ministry of Construction and Urban Development
- Mr. Thomas Eriksson, UNDP Deputy Resident Representative