Dialogue on “How to ensure policy coherence for achievement of the SDV - options for institutional arrangements” organized by the State Structure Standing CommitteeDec 13, 2016
Dialogue on “How to ensure policy coherence for achievement of the SDV - options for institutional arrangements” organized by the State Structure Standing Committee
13 Dec, 2016
Remarks by United Nations Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative, Beate Trankmann
- Honourable Chairman of State Structure Standing Committee of Parliament, Mr. N.Enkhbold,
- Honourable Parliament members,
- Honourable Ministers,
- Distinguished international partners,
- Distinguished guests,
I am delighted to begin today’s talks on how Mongolian institutions can carry out the Sustainable Development Goals: a global agenda to end poverty, reduce inequality and protect the planet.
Thank you Mr. Enkhbold, for calling this important meeting. With some of the nation’s highest decision makers here today, we’ll be sharing solutions for improving institutional set-ups to meet the SDGs, as well as Mongolia’s Sustainable Development Vision.
Mongolia’s SDV for 2030 – approved early this year – is firmly anchored in the global goals agreed by World leaders last September, making it an early adopter. It envisions a Mongolia that is a leading Middle Income Country by 2030 – ending poverty, preserving its environment, while continuing to build strong and stable governance.
In the last 15 years, Mongolia has made tremendous strides. In 2015, it entered the “high” Human Development category in the UNDP’s Human Development Index for the first time.
Recent economic growth has lifted hundreds of thousands of Mongolians out of poverty. But our work is far from over. One in five still live in poverty today. Growth has also come at the cost of this country’s environment, with the poor often affected the most.
The key to making development sustainable is finding a balance among all its parts – economic, social and environmental. The SDV integrates these three dimensions of sustainable development, and so provides a good starting point.
The priorities and targets reflected in the SDV have already been included in the new government action plan nationally, and should soon be translated into plans for different sectors and local governments too. In taking these plans forward, for implementation and policy action, there are a few considerations to keep in mind.
Coherence in plans and budgets across government levels, as well as between sectors, is vital. It is also key to understand the links between policies, and to make sure one policy action doesn’t undermine the other. In light of the very real financing constraints, getting the sequencing right between each goal and the polices supporting them will also be crucial. In short, understanding what needs to move first and what comes next.
That is why it is essential for the agenda to be anchored with an institution that has the mandate and political clout to coordinate across sectors and levels of government. Looking back on the Millennium Development Goals, we saw that the strongest performance on implementation was in countries where implementation was anchored at the highest political level of decision making, namely the head of government.
The SDGs and SDV are long-term agendas. So continuity of institutional arrangements over time is also important. Mongolia has made excellent progress in legislating on the long-term planning needed to meet the SGDs and SDV, with the Law on Development Policy and Planning. In the past, that key responsibility has moved between various different institutions, depending on the government of the day. This makes long term planning harder. Going beyond election cycles, we must ensure continuity in sustainable development planning. Continuity is also needed across long and short term plans - organizations accountable for each must work closely with each other.
The purpose of this UNDP study was to come up options for Mongolia’s institutional arrangements to carry out the SDV. Looking at examples available globally, we have provided Mongolia with a menu of choices to move towards policy coherence, coordinated by the appropriate institution, and to find a lasting home for high-level development planning. This will also guide the annual budget. We will hear from Dr. Khashchuluun, from the National University of Mongolia with further details.
The United Nations and UNDP stand ready to assist the Government of Mongolia in taking the SDV and SDGs forward. I hope our findings can help the government identify solutions to realizing sustainable development that includes all Mongolians.