Air pollution in Mongolia: Opportunities for further actions

Sep 18, 2019

This study analyses public sector expenditure and the institutional framework for air pollution reduction in Mongolia for the period from 2010 to 2017 and along with an analysis of current future plans and options for dealing with this challenge. It includes an assessment of the National Programme for Reduction Air and Environmental Pollution (NPRAEP) 2017-2025 and other relevant policies, public sector spending and institutional settings and mechanisms.
Mongolia’s air pollution problem, caused by an alignment of various conditions and circumstances, has risen to internationally high levels, especially in Ulaanbaatar (UB). Various efforts made in the past, especially since 2010, have aimed to address this issue but with limited success. Since 2017, the legal and policy environment on reducing air pollution has been further strengthened, but outcomes are still unsatisfactory. If sustainable progress is now to be made, the underlying reasons for those failures, which include weak design, as well as inadequacy and ineffectiveness of implementation must be addressed.

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