Mongolia's Network of managed resource protected areas (MRPA)
Mongolia’s globally significant biodiversity necessitates the conservation of vast landscapes. Although Mongolia’s total protected landscapes system may seem large, but is actually ecologically inadequate both in terms of size and inclusion of suitable habitat and ecosystems. 7 out of the 19 ecosystems are still heavily underrepresented.
There is strong government will to expand protected area system, to protect 30% of the territory by 2020. Unfortunately, Mongolia’s current legislative structure creates a glass ceiling to reaching this objective, state PAs are remaining isolated islands. Wildlife outside of protected areas would continue to be highly vulnerable to the identified threats.
The project will support the creation of a comprehensive set of regulations to morph LPAs into "community conservation areas" (CCAs) to provide a pathway to safeguard currently vulnerable habitat for a number of globally significant and threatened species (e.g., argali, white-naped crane and Mongolian gazelle) outside of the existing PA system. Efforts will be directed towards empowering rural communities to alleviate conservation threats, mitigating the negative impacts of wildlife harvest, grazing and agriculture, habitat conversion and infrastructure development, and climate change.
Goals and objective
The project goal is to ensure the integrity of Mongolia’s diverse ecosystems to secure the viability of the nation’s globally significant biodiversity. The project objective is to catalyze the strategic expansion of Mongolia’s protected area (PA) system through establishment of a network of community conservation areas (CCAs) covering under-represented terrestrial ecosystems.
The project’s two Outcomes are designed to address these challenges.
Outcome 1: will establish a new protected area category for strategic PA expansion.
Outcome 2: will emplace institutional capacity and resource base development to ensure sustainability of managed resource PAs.
Gulzat LPA (Sagil, Buhmurun soums of Uvs province); Khavtgar LPA (Batshireet soum of Khentii province); Buffer Zone of Toson Khulstai NP (Tsagaan-Ovoo, Bayan-Uul soums of Dornod province and Norovlin soum of Khentii province)
The project covers Gulzat LPA (Sagil, Buhmurun soums of Uvs province); Khavtgar LPA (Batshireet soum of Khentii province); Buffer Zone of Toson Khulstai NP (Tsagaan-Ovoo, Bayan-Uul soums of Dornod province and Norovlin soum of Khentii province).
During the project implementation process, overall local protected area has been expanded by 140,000 hectares currently totaling at 215,900 hectares. Photo by Otgonbaatar A.