UN-REDD Mongolia National Programme



Project start date:

September 2015

Estimated end date:

December 2019

Focus area:

  • eradicate poverty in all its forms and dimensions
  • Project office:

    UNDP in Mongolia

    Implementing partner:

    Ministry Of Nature And Environ

    Full project information  

    Funding Support by

    Donor name

  • United Nations Environment Programme
  • Undp As Administrative Agent For A Joint Programme Pass Through Arrangement
  • Amount contributed


    Delivery in previous fiscal year

    2019 $122,027

    2018 $1,010,878

    2017 $788,156

    2016 $536,387

    2015 $38,399

    • Status: On-going
    • Project start date: September 2015
    • Project end date: November 2018
    • Focus area: Environment and Climate Change
    • Implementing Partner: Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MET)
    • Donors: 
    • Amount contributed: USD $2,840,548

    Full project information

    Khuvsgul province. Photo by T.Gantulga


    As a signatory to both the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC, in 1992) and the Kyoto Protocol (1997), Mongolia is fully aware of the causes and potential impacts of climate change. Mongolia is therefore striving to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions while maintaining its path of economic development. The Conference of the Parties (COP) to the UNFCCC has taken a number of decisions to encourage developing country Parties to take climate change mitigation actions related to the forestry sector. These measures relate to  ‘policy approaches and positive incentives on issues relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries, and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries’, known as “REDD+”. The COP decisions set out a process by which the voluntary actions of developing country Parties may be rewarded through results-based payments. 

    Although still largely a poor country, Mongolia has recently experienced rapid rates of economic growth due to advances in the exploitation of mineral resources. However, there is a risk that the benefits of this boom will be unequally distributed among Mongolia’s people. Moreover, unless astutely managed, the growth may have negative impacts on the environment and the natural resource base. Compounding this, climate change threatens to reverse socio-economic advances. Recognizing these inter-related challenges, the Government of Mongolia has recently committed to a green development path, notably through the creation of the Ministry of Environment, Green Development and Tourism (MEGDT), and the preparation and approval of the Green Development Policy and Mid-Term Programme. REDD+ has the potential to contribute to green development by protecting global environmental resources (forest carbon stocks and biodiversity), helping to reverse land degradation, promoting the improvement of rural livelihoods and aiding adaptation to climate change.


    Pine seedling nursery, Khentii provice. Photo by N.Otgonbulga

    Mongolia’s vast land area includes approximately 13 million hectares of forest – an area roughly the size of Nepal. These forests can be categorised into two broad zones: northern boreal forests and southern Saxaul forests. The northern boreal forests cover approximately 10.9 million hectares, and are being lost at an annual rate of 0.74%, or just over 80,000 hectares. The southern Saxaul forests cover 1.9 million hectares, and are estimated to be lost at the alarming rate of 6.5% per year.

    Mongolia is the first country with significant boreal forest cover to become a partner country of the United Nations collaborative initiative on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation in developing countries (UN-REDD Programme). Mongolia has significant potential to reduce its forest carbon emissions, and enhance and sustainably manage its forest carbon stocks, through the implementation of REDD+ activities.

    Mongolian boreal forest


    Support the Government of Mongolia in designing and implementing its National REDD+ Strategy and in meeting the requirements under the UNFCCC Warsaw Framework to receive REDD+ results-based payments.

    Mongolia's national REDD+ preparedness roadmap


    Main outcomes:

    Mongolia became a partner country of the UN-REDD Programme in June 2011 and has quickly taken steps to start implementing REDD+ readiness activities. A Roadmap sets out how Mongolia will implement its REDD+ Readiness activities and develop a comprehensive National REDD+ Strategy in Phase 1 of REDD+. The Roadmap has four main outcomes, as follows:

    1. National REDD+ management arrangements established while ensuring improved stakeholder awareness and effective stakeholder engagement;
    2. National REDD+ strategy prepared;
    3. Forest reference emissions levels and forest reference levels developed; and
    4. National forest monitoring system and safeguards information system developed.

    This National Programme Document (NPD) describes how the UN-REDD Mongolia National Programme (here onwards called ‘National Programme’) will contribute to the objectives of Mongolia’s National REDD+ Readiness Roadmap. The overall goal of the National Programme is to support the Government of Mongolia in designing and implementing its National REDD+ Strategy and in meeting the requirements under the UNFCCC Warsaw Framework to receive REDD+ results-based payments.

    Craftsman and craftswoman making furniture in their workshop. Photo by N.Otgonbulga
    Forest coverage in Mongolia

    Forests and climate change in Mongolia

    REDD+ vision

    UNDP Around the world

    You are at UNDP Mongolia 
    Go to UNDP Global